Sunday, March 20, 2011

Tale of Two Cities, Book III Ch. 1-4

Please answer 2 of the following questions using direct evidence from the text. You may choose to move beyond the questions and make connections to previous chapters as well as make predictions. What will happen in Book III? How do you think the novel will end? Think back to our discussion on Thursday.


1.What type of reception does Charles receive in France?

2.What is the “emigrant decree,” and how does it affect Charles?

3.What is Defarge’s reaction to Charles’s plea for help, and why does he act this way?

4.Who is this La Guillotine who has become the new darling of France?

5.What about Charles’s detention makes it worse than general imprisonment? Why do you think this is worse?


6.What horrible thing is located in the courtyard of Tellson’s in Paris? What makes it horrible?

7.Who are Mr. Lorry’s surprise guests, and what news do they bring him?

8.Why does the Doctor say he leads a “charmed life” in Paris?

9.What is the mob’s reaction to the Doctor’s plea for help?


10.Who is the messenger that comes to Mr. Lorry, and what is his message?

11.Why does Madame Defarge say she visits Lucie, and what is her true reason?

12.What does Lucie ask of Madame Defarge, and how does she respond?


13.What conditions does the Doctor find in the prison?

14.What has the eighteen years he spent in prison done for the Doctor?

15.What position did the Doctor achieve because of his status, and how does this position help Charles?

16.What is the new legal order in France at this time?


  1. 1. When Charles gets to France armed patriots stop him and allow him to continue but only with an escort. "I am going to send you on to Paris, under an escort."

    2. 4. The La Guillotine is the actual Guillotine. It was invented to be able to behead people more easily. "The 'sharp female new newly-born, called La Guillotine."

  2. 10.
    Defarge comes to Mr. Lorry with a message from Dr. Manette.
    “Charles is safe, but I cannot safely leave this place yet. I have obtained the favour that the bearer has a short note from Charles to his wife. Let the bearer see his wife.”

    14 The eighteen years that Dr. Manette spent in the prison made Dr. Manette stronger and more suited to the suffering.
    "For the first time, Dr. Manette felt that his suffering in the Bastille had given him strength and power. For the first time, he felt that in prison he had slowly gained the strength and skills that would free his daughter’s husband and bring him to safety."

  3. 3.) When Charles Darnay begs for help from Defarge, Defarge does not make a scene, for he simply just refuses. When asked he replies, "None." Also, to every question Charles asks him he keeps saying, "You will see..(195)" There is no clear answer to why he reacts this way, but I believe it has something to do with the fact that this is a revolution. Mr. Defarge is seen as a leader to the common people, and he cannot show mercy and appear weak.

    15.) Due to Doctor Manettes high status, he recieves a position as an physician and La Force, the prison where Darnay is staying. Naturally, this helps Charles because Manette is there to make sure he is okay and is treated right.On page 211, it says "to wich they both looked for Charles's ultimate safety and deliverance." This tells us that Mr. Manette himself is a new man, he has left England, left his daughter, to watch the man that she loves.

  4. 1. When Darnay arrives in France, he is not greeted well. He is always being stopped and asked questions. Finally, once he is in Paris, he is sent to jail in "La Force".

    15. Because Dr. Manette is a doctor, he was able to get a position as a physician for some jails in France, including "La Force". He got this job so he could watch Darnay, and make sure that he is okay, and that they don't hurt him.

    After reading this part of the novel, I am starting to wonder what will happen to Darnay. I don' think that Dickens would kill off a main character in the book, but I am not sure. I wish that it would be a happy ending, but I doubt that it will happen!

  5. 3. When Charles Darnay pleas for help, Defarge acts the way he does necause of the events occuring in france at the time. Of couse im speaking about the french revolution, all the people of france are becoming united and ther governments power is slowly degrading. Anyone (including Darnay)that has problems will basically get them all solved because the people will have more power and more money.
    14. i agree with Jay ins aying that Mr.Manette's past with being in prison for 17 years (or is it 18?)has prepared him for suffering and the hardships to come. We know this will truly help Mr.Manette in the future because him and the others fighting for the freedom of france will need to be strong. And im going to steal Jay's quote because it backs up my point so perfectly, "For the first time, Dr. Manette felt that his suffering in the Bastille had given him strength and power. For the first time, he felt that in prison he had slowly gained the strength and skills that would free his daughter’s husband and bring him to safety."

    Question: was Mr.Manette in jail for 17 or 18 years? I thought it was 17 but Jay said 18 so now im confused.

    -David Batterman

  6. 6.) “Against two of the pillars were fastened two great flaring flambeaux, and in the light of these, standing out in the open air, was a large grindstone” In the courtyard there is a large grindstone, used to sharpen weapons. It is horrible because of the fact that it is used by the revolutionaries to sharpen weapons used to kill the prisoners.
    15.) “that he was soon the inspecting physician of three prisons, and among them of La Force” . Dr.Manette has now taken a physician role in the three of the prisons, and among these was the prison in which Charles Darnay is. He now has an easy way to stay in touch with Darnay, and bring news of how Darnay is to Lucie. Also since Dr.Manette was a prisoner of the Bastille he has a good say, and is working hard to try to free Darnay.

  7. 1) Darney was questioned several times when he arrived in France. The patriots only allowed him to press forward if he was escorted. Once he arrived in Paris, a prison tribunal declared him a prisoner "in secret"of La Force prison.

    15) Feeling strong in his power as a Bastille survivor, Doctor Manette is confident that he will be able to free Darnay. Despite the his efforts, Darnay remains in prison for a year and three months. In the meantime, the Doctor becomes well known throughout Paris and gains status as the inspecting physician for three prisons. Because of his rank, he is able to look out for Darney in.

    I think that the theme of being "recalled to life' is more eye-catching than ever. Also, Darnay's journey and imprisonment seem to repeat events that have taken place before. His journey, for parallels from Mr. Lorry's trip to France in Book I. You can see that for both, each man travels secretly from England to release an innocent person from prison. Like Doctor Manette, Darnay has been locked away "in secret,"with no chance of contacting family or friends and no hope of a trial. Also, as Darnay enters the prison he seems to be buried alive, as the Doctor once was. The other prisoners look like ghosts "all turning on him eyes that were changed by the death they had died in coming there."When he is taken to his cell, confined alone, he states, "Now I am left, as if I were dead."Darnay is now like a dead man, whose only hope is to be recalled to life somehow. The characters lives are intersected when Dr.Manette looks out for Darney as he is in prison. I think more of the theme of being "recalled to life" will continue in the story and the lives of the characters will intertwine.

  8. 1. Darnay's reception when he arrives in France is not a good one. "Finally, once he is in Paris, he is sent to jail in "La Force." It took him a very long time to reach his destination. Darnay is not being welcomed because the revolution is in progress. He had to be escorted because he was not trusted to be alone. They thought he might do something bad.

    15. The position the doctor got was a physician. He was able to get this because he was, obviously, a doctor. And this title showed he was experienced in the field. Also this helps Darnay because“He was soon the inspecting physician of three prisons."And since Darnay is in jail, Doctor Manette will be able to watch over him, and ultimately free him.

  9. 4) La Guillotine isn't actually a real person it is the actual Guillotine that was invented during these times. It was used to behead people with more ease then having a real person doing it. In the Book it mentions "The sharp female".

    1) Darnay arrives in France and has to be escorted because he is not one to be left alone at that time because he could possibly do something bad."I am going to send you on to Paris, under an escort."

  10. This comment has been removed by the author.

  11. 7. Mr. Lorry’s surprise guests were Lucie and her father. The news that they bring is that Charles Darnay, Lucie’s husband is in jail. Lucie tells Mr. Lorry, “An errand of generosity brought him here unknown to us; he was stopped at the barrier, and sent to prison” (Chapter 2).
    8. The messenger that comes to Mr. Lorry is Defarge. Defarge’s message is from the doctor. The message is, “Charles is safe, but I cannot safely leave this place yet. I have obtained the favor that the bearer has a short note from Charles to his wife” (Chapter 3).

  12. 2. The “Emigrant Decree” is that emigrants are put into prison for fleeing their country when they were needed and therefore they do not deserver their property and it gets sold back to the people of France as well as killing the emigrants. This was explained by The Smith that he met on his travels. “He is a traitor since the decree. His life is forfeit to the people.” and then a little later he explains about the land ownership. “...a decree for selling the property of emigrants.” This says that Darnay should be killed and his land is no longer his.

    What will happen in book III?
    Based n the decree I think that Darnay will defiantly loose his land, but because of Dr. Manette being a ex-Bastille prisoner they will let Darnay go free back to England. However I do not think that it is going to be simple. Also it was told to us that Lucy at least makes it back alive (or at least out of France) because on of the lines describing her arrogance and innocence said that she would not fully understand the problem until she was safely out of France.

  13. 6. The horrible thing in the courtyard is a grindstone, which the revolutionaries are using to make their tools and weapons sharp so they can kill and destroy prisoners in the La Force. "The people in possesion of the house had let them in at the gate, and they had rushed in to work at the grindstone; it had evidently been set up their for purpose, as in a convenient and retired spot"(202)

    12. Lucie asks Madame Defarge to show her Charles some mercy for he is her husband and father to their child. Defarge is rude and doesn't feel bad for Lucie or Charles and believes in fighting for what she and her people think is right. "'As a wife and mother...I implore you to have pity on me and not to exercise any power that you possess, against my innocent husband, but to use it in his behalf'...Madame Defarge looked, coldly as ever, at the suppliant..."(208)

  14. 1) he was met with resistance by the French revolutionaries. They chose to let him pass if he has an escort, how ever when he arrives in Paris he is declared a prisoner by a tribunal

    4) Contrary to what you may think, La Guillotine is not a person it is a device used to behead anyone who is unfortunate enough to have their neck underneath its blade.

  15. 1.) Upon Charle's arrival into France, French Revolutionaries had forced him to go with an escort into France in fear that he could be working against them.

    15.) With Dr. Manette's high status, he was able to achieve the position of physician. More importantly though he was able to achieve this position for the jail that Charle's Darnay was located in. This was very benefitial to Darnay because it allowed Dr. Manette to make sure Darnay was in good condition and being treated fairly instead of being treated in harsh conditions that could have taken place if he were not there.

  16. 1. Darnay is greeted quite suspiciously. French Patriots are always stopping to ask him questions, and finally he is given an escort. He is later declared a prisoner and sent to La Force. Darnay is told by a revolutionist "I am going to send you on to Paris, under an escort." Although at this time he is unaware that this escort will send him to prison.

    4. The La Guillotine is the actually Guillotine that is used to behead people. It has become the darling of France because it is used to often by the French people to execute nobles.

  17. 1) When Darnay arrived in France he wasn't treated well at all. He was assigned an escort because it would be unsafe for him to be on his own. Being alone would almost guarantee being killed. At one point he was almost attacked by a mob but it was for his escort that he survived. Once, after many stops, he gets to Paris he is sent to jail. It says “‘Without doubt. You are consigned, Evremonde, to the prison of La Force.' (p. 194). Being sent to jail while trying to get somebody else out of jail is a pretty big setback. I believe later on, like Christine said in class, that Lucie will come to rescue Darnay. But I think that once Darnay is free from jail, Gabelle will already be dead.

    8) Dr. Manette says he lives a "charmed life" in Paris. He says "'... I have a charmed life in this city. I have been a Bastille prisoner. There is no patriot in Paris- in Paris? In France- who, knowing me to have been a prisoner in the Bastille, would touch me, except to overwhelm me with embraces, or carry me in triumph.' (p. 202)" He is saying, anybody who knows that he escaped from the Bastille knows that that he is strong enough to help them overthrow the French government. It signifies that he is on their side and goes at great risks for what is right.

  18. 3.) Defarge reacts in the manner he does when Darnay begs for help because of the situtation in France. His reply is simply, "None." During the French Revolution the French commoners are uniting and slowly destroying the monarchy through force. He cannot afford to appear weak in front of the public because they are in such a maddened state and will kill anyone who is not complying with their opinions.

    6.) The grindstone is awful because it represents all the lives taken during the Revolution by the revolutionaries. It is a tool that they use in order to sharpen the blades that they use to execute anyone who they see as wrong or standing in their way as represented in this
    quote, “Against two of the pillars were fastened two great flaring flambeaux, and in the light of these, standing out in the open air, was a large grindstone”

  19. 12.) Lucie asks Madame Defarge, “I implore you to have pity on me and not to exercise any power that you possess, against my innocent husband, but to use it in his behalf”. For Lucie’s husband Charles Darnay has been put into prison for not being a citizen of Paris on his visit there. Madame Defarge won’t show Darnay any mercy and “Madame Defarge looked, coldly as ever, at the suppliant..."(208).

    16.) There is a new law that if you aren’t a citizen of Paris you are considered an emigrant and have no rights and are sent to prison. “Emigrant,” said the functionary, “I am going to send you on to Paris, under an escort.” “Citizen, I desire nothing more than to get to Paris, though I could dispense with the escort.”

  20. 5.) Darnay is kept in what is called le secret. In our prison terms it would be referred to as solitary confinement. He is trapped in this little room that measures "5 paces, by 4 1/2 paces. In general imprisonment at least you can move around and talk with other inmates. But in solitary confinement you can barely lay down. You are isolated away from all humanity. This might end up driving Darnay mad over being isolated so long just like Mr Manette in the Bastille. If Darnay is there for too long the consequences may be great.

    15.) He receives the position of physician for three prisons with his high social status. One of these prisons is the prison Darnay is being kept. It would make sense that Manette would become the physician considering he knows what can happen when someone is trapped in a prison for so long. Perhaps he can prevent these prisoners from turning out like he did. This helps Lucie and Darnay because it means that Darnay will be protected because Dr. Manette will always be close by. This is reassuring to both Darnay and Lucie who are equally worried about the situation.

  21. 1. When Darnay arrives in France, it is not how you would expect the arrival to be. He constantly stopped and asked questions and given an escort and protect him. It is a good thing that he did have an escort because, at one point he was practically attacked by a mob and survived because of his escort. Later, after being stopped many times, he is taken to a prison and is kept in a call that is "five paces by four and a half". I also agree with Emily's prediction about how she thinks that Lucie will come to rescue Darnay, but once he goes to rescure Gabelle, it will be to late and Gabelle with already be dead.

    6. The horrible thing located outside of Tellson's bank in Paris is an angry mob sharpening their weapons on a grindstone and planning to kill the prisoners. This is so horrible because Darnay is trapped in the jail, and if he doesn't get out, he will be killed by the angry mob. I think the mob is planning to invade the La Force because they are so upset of all the people that have died and now they want to get revenge.

  22. I agree with anyone who said that: When Charles Darnay arrives in France, he is not welcomed nicely. Instead he is asked questions and sent to jail in “La Force”. The patriots stop Darnay and excort him. “Finally, once he is in Paris, he is sent to jail in “La force.”

    8. The messenger that comes to Mr. Lory is Defarge. The message is from the doctor. “Charles is safe, but I cannot safely leave this place yet. I have obtained the favor that the bearer has a short note from Charles to his wife.” I think he is trying to say anyone who got away from the prison knows how to overthrow the French government. I also think this might have to do something later in the book.

  23. 1.) When Darnay arrived in France he was not treated well and was questioned a lot. He had to be escorted because it was too dangerous for him to be alone. Shortly after he arrives he is sent to a jail.

    6.) The horrible thing that is outside of tellsons bank is an angry mob waiting to kill the prisioners inside of the jail. What makes this so horrible is that Darnay is in the prision and if he does not escape, he will be killed.

  24. 1. When Charles arrives in France, he isn't treated well. He is easily controlled by being sent all over the place, and he is forced to pay for escorts even when he politely denied them. “I am going to send you to Paris with an escort," said the official, leaving Charles with not much of a choice.

    8. Dr. Manette states he has a 'charmed life' because he has been a prisoner in the Bastille and came out alive, which means everyone see's him as a stronger individual. "There is no patriot in Paris or all of France who would touch me knowing I had been a prisoner there, unless it was to embrace me and carry me in triumph," Dr. Manette states, meaning people praise him and will not hurt him. Later he makes his case when 20 men surrounded him offering him help with his family in the La Force.

  25. 1. Charles Darnay is seen by the people as an aristocrat. Therefore, they believe he needs an escort to Paris to keep him safe. He is not well liked by his escorters or the citizens of France. “It is as the good patriot says,” observed the timid functionary. “You are an aristocrat, and must have an escort—and must pay for it.”

    2. The emigrant decree is that anyone who is not a citizen of France or is an aristocrat is seen as someone who is really not part of the country. All the citizens of France seem to hate emigrants. “You are a cursed emigrant,” cried a farrier, making at him in a furious manner through the press, hammer in hand; “and you are a cursed aristocrat!”

  26. 1. Charles Darnay is not greeted very welcoming. First, he is told he must be escorted to paris "I am going to send you on to Paris, under an escort." And then he is always stopped for questioning.

    6. The horrible thing outside the tellsons' in paris is an angry mob, they are all sharpening their weapons on grindstone and preparing to masacre the prisoners. Aside from the fact this is horrible because their going to kill a bunch of prisoners, Charels Darnay is a prisoner in their and could be killed.